Chi Sau (Sticky Hands)

Chi Sau (Sticky Hands) "黐手"


Chi Sau is one of the hallmarks of Wing Tsun / Wing Chun training and in many ways is similar to Tai Chi's “push hands” training. Its purpose is to train the student in developing and refining touch reflexes and sensitivity to tactile energy. The process can be likened to making one's tactile senses increasingly sensitive and responsive to increasingly smaller amounts of physical energy. Chi Sau training assists the student in learning to overcome an opponent's greater force through sensitivity by:

·        Nullifying the opponent's force by releasing incoming energy

·        Using the opponent's force to enhance the power of one's technique

·        Taking advantages of gaps in the opponent's defence structure to attack


Dan Chi Sau (Single Sticky Hand) "單黐手"

Chi Sau training typically begins with Dan Chi Sau (Single Sticky Hand) training. In this exercise, students focus on using one hand to each cycle through a different series of 3 movements. These movements are not to be done mechanically but in response to the energy from the training partner's technique.Dan Chi Sau training teaches the student to:

·        Develop tactile sensitivity

·        Maintain forward energy in one's techniques

·        Identify the useful limits of one's techniques

·        Not to commit to one's techniques until necessary 

It also provides the foundation for the student to progress to Seung Chi Sau (Double Sticky or Sticking Hands)


Seung Chi Sau (Double Sticky Hands) "雙黐手"

When the student has attained a certain level of competence with Dan Chi Sau, s/he progresses to Seung Chi Sau (Double Sticky Hands). The fundamental Seung Chi Sau exercise is Poon Sau (Rolling Hands) "盤手". This adds a layer of complexity where the student focuses on cycling each hand through a series of 2 movements.

Seung Chi Sau training teaches the student to:

·        Continue to refine their tactile sensitivity

·        Maintain smaller amounts of forward energy in one's techniques

·        Move both hands independently of one another

·        Kinesthetically locate gaps in the opponent's defence structure

When a student is competent with Poon Sau, the next step in Seung Chi Sau training is progression through the Chi Sau Jit Sau (Chi Sau Sets) "黐手節手" of which there are 7 sets each at the Chum Kiu and at the Biu Tze levels. Each Jit Sau set is designed to train specific entries from Poon Sau and responses to those entries. The Jit Sau sets links commonly used sequences and allows the student to practice them until they become body memory.

Gor Sau (Free Form Chi Sau) "自由黐手"

When the student has progressed sufficiently through Seung Chi Sau, then s/he embarks upon Gor Sau (Free Form Chi Sau). There is no set form or sequence to Gor Sau. Students are free to engage in any attack or response that their training manifests.

Gor Sau training teaches the student to:

·        Flow and transform from one technique to another

·        Defend against attacks by feeling for and releasing incoming energy

·        Analyse in real time the most efficient and effective response to any attack

·        Recognise opportunities for attacking and counter-attacking